Lord Buddha and Lumbini
From the Resort, the birth place of Lord Budhdha is located about 28 kilometers to the south-west. The Resort has special facility of vehicle for the tour to this holiest place. The charge of the tour needs additional expense. You can visit the place and return to the Resort till dust.
Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born in 623 B.C. in the celebrated precinct of Lumbini, which has become a place of pilgrimage to the peace lovers from the world over. Among the pilgrims was the Indian emperor Ashoka, who erected one of his commemorative pillars there. The site is now being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage centre, where the archaeological relics linked with the birth of the Lord Buddha form a vital feature of attraction.
As the birthplace of the Lord Buddha, the sacred area of Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s great religions, and its remnants contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from a very early period.
As the birthplace of the Lord Buddha – the apostle of peace and the light of Asia was born in 623 BC – the sacred area of Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from a very early period. Lumbini, in the South-Western Terai of Nepal, evokes a kind of holy sentiment to the millions of Buddhists and Hindus equally from all over the world.
It is the place which should be visited and seen by a person of devotion. The site and its surrounding area are endowed with a rich natural setting of verdant fauna and favorable agricultural environs. The region is an exquisite treasure-trove of ancient ruins and antiquities historically, dating back to the pre-Christian era. The site, described as a splendid garden in the Buddha’s time, still retains its legendary charisma and splendor.
Lumbini, is one of the four holy places of Buddhism. It is said in the Parinibbana Sutta that Buddha himself identified four places of future pilgrimage: the sites of his birth, Enlightenment, First Discourse, and death. All these events happened outside in nature under trees. There is no particular significance in this, other than it perhaps explains why Buddhists have always respected the environment and natural law.
This sacred place is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas in modern Nepal. In the Buddha’s time, Lumbini was a beautiful garden replete with verdant and shady sal trees (Shorea robusta). The garden and its serene vicinity were owned by both the Shakyas and the clans. King Suddhodana, father of Gautama Buddha, was of the Shakya dynasty and belonged to the Kshatriya (warrior caste). Maya Devi, his mother, gave birth to the child on her way to her parent’s home in Devadaha while resting in Lumbini under a sal tree in May (Full Moon), 642 BC. The beauty of Lumbini is described in Pali and Sanskrit literature. Maya Devi, it is said, was enthralled to see the natural splendor of Lumbini. While she was standing, she felt labor pains and catching hold of a drooping branch of a sal tree, she gave birth to a baby, the future Buddha. Legends have it that Brahma, Indra and other divinities were on the hand to welcome the birth of the future Buddha and that warm and cold water springs were promptly created for the infant’s first bath and a pool of oily water for the purifying bath of the queen’s body.
In 249 BC the Indian Emperor Ashoka visited Lumbini, and he found the village prosperous. He constructed four stupas and a stone pillar with a figure of a horse on top. The stone pillar bears an inscription, which in translation runs as follows: ‘King Piyadasi (Ashoka), beloved of devas, in the 20th year of the coronation, himself made a royal visit, Buddha Sakyamuni having been born here; a stone railing was built and a stone pillar erected to the Bhagavan having been born here, Lumbini village was taxed reduced and entitled to the eight part (only)’.
Lumbini remained derelict for centuries. In 1895, Feuhrer, a famous German archaeologist, discovered the great pillar while wandering about the foothills of the Churia range. Further exploration and excavation of the surrounding area revealed the existence of a brick temple and sandstone sculpture within the temple itself, which depicts the scenes of the Buddha’s birth.
It is pointed out by scholars that the temple of Maya Devi was constructed over the foundations of more than one earlier temple or stupa, and that this temple was probably built on an Ashokan stupa itself. To the south of the Maya Devi temple there is the famous sacred bathing pool known as Puskarni. It is believed that Maya Devi took a bath in this pool before the delivery. By the side of the Ashoka pillar a river which flows south-east and is locally called the Ol. In 1996, an archaeological excavattion unearthed a ‘flawless stone’ placed there by Ashoka in 249 BC to mark the precise location of the Buddha’s birth more than 2,600 years ago.